JKBOSE Class 10th Biology Notes Download - JKBOSE NOTES

 Get the best Handmade Biology Notes for Class 10th free with PDF Download file for JKBOSE class 10th  Biology student of jammu and kasmir .

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JKBOSE Class 10th Biology Notes

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JKBOSE Class 10th Biology Notes Download

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JKBOSE Class 10th Biology Notes and important questions with syllabus  for 2022.The  Guess Paper and  Model Papers are also avaible .You can get full notes for every stream and every subject of JKBOSE The  JKBOSE Class 10th Biology Notes and  Previous Year Question Papers you can download pdf file  here by a single Click . Get Important Questions, Books and other Study Material  with  PDF, then the  aspirants can easily get these Guess Papers , Books Solution & Biology Important Notes and  Questions. 

JKBOSE CBSE Class 10th Biology Notes Download PDF

Get the direct Links for downloading pdf of 10th Biology Notes , Guess Papers  for year 2022 - 2023 of different departments. The list of Notes of class 10th Biology subject are given below you can choose that you have need .Its all given by Unit- wise and is easy for you students to get all the notes easily.  Links of all the syllabus Notes and Stady materials , Guess Papers is given at below of this article. We  provide you updated quallity  Materal notes and JKBOSE All Class Last Year Papers & Guess papers are is also provided . 

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JKBOSE Class 10th Biology Unit  I: - Life Processes Notes


JKBOSE Class 10th Biology Unit II:- Control and Co - ordination Notes


JKBOSE CLASS 10th Biology Unit III: How do Organism Reproduce  Notes


JKBOSE Class 10th Biology Unit IV: Heredity and Genetics  Notes


JKBOSE Class 10th  Biology Unit V: Our Environment  Notes


JKBOSE Class 10th  Biology Unit VI: Management of Natural Resources Notes


Importent Questions of Jkbose Class  10th Biology Subject


Johann Mendelssohn (1822-1844) as the father of genetics because he was the first person to have a way to transfer from one generation of characters to another The car showed۔ He did his job on the garden peas, the bereaved whistle۔ He chose 7 pairs of contrasting characteristics of the rebellious peas۔ Mendelssohn stated three inheritance laws or principles۔ 

1. Law of dominance: It says that in a different state between the two alleys of a character, the allele that shows itself prevails and what cannot express is obsolete

۔ 2 Law of segregation: It says that although the alleis of one character live together for a long time but they do not mix with each other and separate at the time of gemtogenesis so that every gemet Only one allele of a character is either dominant or periodic

۔ 3 Law of Independent assortment: It stays that the alleas of a character can go through any combination to give birth to a phenotype that differs from both parents۔


The formation of new species In most cases, new species are formed when there is a population of the same species۔ Divide into two separate groups that then geographically separate from each other۔ Obstacles such as mountain ranges, rivers or seas۔ The geographical isolation of the two leads groups of the population to their reproductive isolation, which does not cause any gene exchange۔ Between them. However, continuous breeding within the isolated population produces more۔ And more races. From generation to generation, genetic growth processes (in random change gene frequency) and two isolated groups of choice work in different ways۔ Population and make them more different than each other .Thousands of years later, people of these isolated groups of the population become so different that they will be۔ Not able to reproduce with each other even if they meet again. We say two new species have been formed.


The ecosystem ecosystem can be described as follows: The ecosystem is a structural and active unit of biology in which a class of living beings and a physical environment؛ The exchange of both is also between them, an ecosystem is relatively self-containing and separate۔ The community of biology (powers and animals) and their environment۔ In an ecosystem, energy and substance continue to be exchanged between living and non-living۔ Ingredients .

An ecosystem can be both natural or man-made۔ Some examples of natural .

Ecosystem grassland, a forest, a sea, a river, a desert, a mountain, a pond, a lake, etc. 

Desert، Grassland and mountains represent the ground ecosystem۔ Based ecosystem)۔ 

Pond, river, lakes and sea represent aquatic ecosystems (water-based ecosystems)۔ 

Man-made or artificial ecosystems are gardens, crop fields, park aquariums, etc۔

Ecosystem components: - Each ecosystem has two main components: (i) abiotic components and (ii) biological components۔ 

Abiotic Components: - These are non-combic components of the ecosystem۔ These include: 

Physical environment: 

(i) Adaphic factors such as soil structure, topography, water and wind۔ 

(ii) Inorganic substances such as carbon dioxide, nitrogen, oxygen, water, phosphorus, sodium, potassium and calcium۔ These are part of the cycle۔ 

(iii) Organic compounds of materials in the ecosystem such as proteins, carbohydrates and lipid۔ It forms a largely living body and combines abiotic and biotic ingredients۔ Seasonal factors: sunlight, temperature, pressure, humidity, humidity, rain, etc۔ These factors affect the distribution of organisms۔

Biological Components: - The biological component of the ecosystem is a group of living things (such as plants, animals and germs)۔ The biological community of an ecosystem includes the following: Producers: - These are living things that are able to synthesize their food۔ They are basically green۔ Plants that make their food with the help of solar energy۔ All green is in plants۔ The ability to absorb sun energy and convert simple inorganic raw materials such as carbon dioxide and water into carbohydrates, which feed them۔ This is the process۔ Photos are called syntheses۔ Therefore, all green plants are called producers. They are also۔ "Says Autotrops۔ Users:


Food Web: - Different food chains, which operate within an ecosystem or biosphere, do not۔ Work in isolation. Many of these food chains are intertwined by organisms۔ There are more than one food chain that forms interconnected networks۔ Links 

A network of different food chains connected to each other in different tropical regions۔ Surfaces are called food web۔ In the food trap, a living can capture the position of more than one food chain۔ 

A living can get its food from different sources and as a result it can be eaten۔ Different types of organisms. 


Traffic Levels: - Different levels or measures in the food chain that are transferred to food or energy۔ From one generation to the other, the place is called traffic levels۔ The number of triohic food levels is equal to the number of traffic levels in a food chain۔ Number of measures in the food chain۔ Different traffic levels are given below: 

in Plants or producers form the first traffic level۔ 

ii Vegetarian animals or primary consumers form other traffic levels۔ 

iii carnivores or secondary consumers form third traffic levels۔ 

iv Large carnivores or terrestrial consumers who eat small carnivores۔ Formation of the fourth traffic surface.


Wildlife Conservation:- Wildlife protection is essential to maintaining an ecological balance in nature۔ Jane Poole. Here are some steps (or measures) taken to protect wildlife

۔ 1 Laws should be enacted to impose a complete ban on illegal hunting (murder) or catching of any animal or a bird belonging to a endangered species۔ Illegal hunting of endangered animal breeds and punishment of birds should be declared a punishable offense۔ Such laws should not be on paper only۔ Strictly enforced. 

2. Natural habitats of wild animals and birds should be protected by setting up national parks۔ And safe places across the country

۔ 3 The government department should do so on wildlife protection۔ From time to time in all forests, national parks and shelters; to survey so that all species of wild animals and birds are known, so that these animals can be helped۔ In times of trouble, such as floods and famines

۔ 4 Special attention should be paid to the protection of endangered species of wild animals and prevent birds from being completely extinct۔ 

5. Unauthorized deforestation (cutting) of forest trees for wood trade and fuel wood should be stopped۔ (Rocked) Immediately۔ This is because deforestation destroys the natural habitat of warlords۔ Exposed animals and birds and exposed them to man as well as the cruelty of nature

۔ 6 In the case of government permission for forest trees, in exchange for each acre of cut forest، Plants trees on the equivalent area of the earth to cover long-term damage۔


Sexual reproduction in plants: - A flower is a reproductive part of the plant۔ It consists of four۔ Flower organ set۔ Seepals, petals, stamen and carpel. Forms a masculine part of the stem۔ Flowers are a certain number of stamens in a flower called mass androecium۔ Each stamen consists of three parts - anthrax, connectivity and filament۔ Anthra has four chambers of polythene bags, each filled with pollen grains۔ When the pollen is cooked, it is removed by a from the front۔ Tight is cut and male gemets or ovaries produce۔ A flower collectively has one or more carpets۔ Known as Gynaccium or Pistel۔ Each carpal consists of three parts - slightly swollen and sticky ugly top, then a cylinder stick called a styl and a basal swollen ovarian، In which there is a egg in which the eggs are cells or eggs. 

At the maturity of the flower, Clink becomes the acceptor of pollen grains۔ A pollen stain produces a long polan tube after accumulating on the stain, which moves downwards۔ Clink and style and ovaries enter one of the ovaries۔ Then the sperm joins an egg and a zygot۔ Made of their fusion۔ The male and female nucleus matching process is called fertilization۔ Fertilization then becomes a ovarian seed and the whole ovarian becomes fruit۔ Contains strong fruit۔ One or more seeds are a fetus inside each that gives rise to the next generation of young plants۔


The actions of life are the basic functions of living things۔ They are essential for survival۔ They are the same in all forms of life۔ Shapes whether yoon is cellular or multcellular, plant or animal۔ 

1. Maintance: - All living beings are made of protoplasmic۔ Structures must be kept in active condition whether a organism is active or inactive. The functional condition structure of protoplasmic is maintained only if they are kept in dynamic condition۔ The breakdown and construction process continue simultaneously۔ 

2. Metabolism: - This is a combination of all chemical reactions۔ In a living thing, it is caused by the interaction between its molecules۔ All biological functions are caused by metabolism۔ There are two metabolism۔ Ingredients, anabolism and catabolism. Anabolism or constructive؟ Metabolism consists of building complex molecules۔ Made easily, such as glucose or protein from amino acids from glycogen formation۔ Enabolic requires energy۔ The reaction consists of ketabolism or catastrophic metabolism۔ Error reactions where complex substances are broken۔ In simple substances, for example, breathing (breaks glucose into carbon)۔ Dioxide and water)

۔ 3 Nutrition: - It is necessary to provide energy to all living things۔ And body construction equipment۔ Body construction materials are usually carbon-based so that food sources are also carbon-based۔ Plants prepare their own food in the process of photosthesis۔ Animals get food from outside۔ The first simple solicitation is distributed to absorb the food obtained from the outside۔ Inside cells, simple substances are converted to different complex biochemicals to form the components of protoplasm

۔ 4 Respiration: - Every living thing needs energy to work۔ Body machinery, its maintenance, repair, replacement and bio-synthesis are obtained from breaking on the basis of energy carbon۔ Malicules in the respiratory process۔ Oxidation - Deficiency reactions are common chemical reactions that are involved in the respiratory tract۔ Breaking molecules. Most living beings use the oxygen they get۔ Out for the breathing process۔ 

5. Growth: This is an irreversible increase in body cells that occur in young men۔ Biology before reaching maturity۔ Plants have this ability۔ constantly grow. Development is possible if the construction response (Anabolism) is more abundant than the broken reaction۔ (Catabolic reaction)۔ For this, living things should be prepared or achieved۔ Excessive food equipment for care۔

6.  Exchange of Mineral : - Content is regularly exchanged۔ Between living things and their environment۔ Living people get nutrients, water and oxygen from their environment۔ Give them undigested materials, carbon dioxide and waste products۔ Living with a cell is directly connected to the full level۔ the environment. They have no specific structure۔ Intake and explosion of materials۔ Dissemination, facilitated transportation and active transportation are included for the movement of materials۔ cell membrane. multicellular organisms have special structures۔ Formed for various functions such as, infusion, emission, exchange gases 

7. Transportation: - In multi-space organisms, not all cells are inside۔ Direct contact with the environment. They have specific structures۔ Gas exchange, infusion of food content and digestion۔ However, every body cell has to provide food, water۔ And oxygen. Similarly, carbon dioxide and waste have to be taken۔ Far from each cell, therefore, there is a method of transportation. It is a circulatory system in animals and vascular tissues۔ Plants 

8. Excretion: - Multiple waste products are made as side products۔ Of metabolism. They are usually toxic and removed from it۔ Body. There is an emission of excess substances from the body۔ Emissions are called. 

9. Irritability: - Every living thing is familiar with the surroundings۔ It responds to changes in the environment۔


Ishaq Ramzan

Ishaq Ramzan is a Part-time blogger and Electrical Engineer. Aim to help every JK Students achieve their Goal!

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